Titanic: Captain Edward John Smith's legacy
So why does the public continue to be fascinated by the captain of...
He is seen as a stereotype of how a brave captain should behave, working to the last to save lives before going down with his ship, but he is also blamed by many for causing one of the worst maritime disasters of all time.
So why does the public continue to be fascinated by the captain of the Titanic, Captain Edward John Smith?
Born in the landlocked town of Potteries, in Stoke-on-Trent, the son of a porcelain presser and grocer rose to the rank of "millionaire Captain", the first choice for the aristocrats of the day, many of whom chose him for his reputation for safety and friendliness.
The rise of the Edwardian social classes can be considered an achievement in itself, but Smith went further and became the captain of some of the largest ships of the time, including the sister ship of the Titanic, the Olympic.
An exhibition on the links between Stoke-on-Trent and the liner is currently taking place in his hometown.
The exhibition in the art gallery of the Potter Pottery Museum features a number of items that belonged to Smith, as well as rare video footage of him on board the Olympic.
Visitors are invited to review the evidence of how the ship ended before voting for who they consider responsible. The votes will be announced later this year.
Curator Katie Shingler said: "So far, the captain is ahead of a third, so he is still responsible.
"People write on the ballot papers: "The captain of the ship is responsible for his ship."
"They think his actions were terrible and Stoke should be shamed by him."
However, she added that they could not allow the anniversary of the sinking to pass without recognizing the captain's connection to the area.
Historian Ray Johnson, who is organizing a weekend of research and entertainment on the anniversary of the sinking, said the captain is attracting "international interest."
"Whether you think he's guilty or not, you can't ignore it," he said.
Titanic's websites allow people interested in the doomed liner to read about the ship. Many have sections and articles dedicated to Smith, and items related to the captain are often sold for thousands of pounds at auctions.
The Determined Sailor Photograph, which is believed to depict a young Edward Smith in front of the Essex ship Caption to the image Smith went to Liverpool, following in the footsteps of his half-brother One of the books about him, "Captain Titanic: The Life of Edward John Smith," was written by Gary Cooper.
Mr. Cooper said his own interest in Smith arose not from any interest in the Titanic, but from an interest in the history of his hometown of Stoke-on-Trent.
Among the many myths surrounding the captain, perhaps the most famous and sinister is that he ignored warnings about icebergs.
Mr Cooper said: "Smith certainly did not ignore the ice warnings per se, and he made sure that they were all placed in the control room, although he had to pick up one of them, which he had previously handed over to his boss J. Bruce Ismay.
"However, the ice warnings were just warnings that the ice was spotted at certain coordinates at certain times, which Smith may have registered rather than reacted to.
"Although Smith was undoubtedly a determined sailor who steered his ships rigidly in conditions that might have scared other captains, it is a historical fact that in calm and clear weather, such as it was that night, it was not unusual for any captain to lead ships into icy areas at full speed, and several captains from other shipping companies testified to this during investigations of the disaster."
Source https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-17181461 By Emma Kaspshak BBC News
1 piece pear.
dates (royal) 5 pcs
. walnuts (peeled)
cinnamon to taste
cardamom to taste
honey to taste
The cooking process
The recipe for the most delicious vegan ice cream made from pears was...
Many dishes that Turks consider national actually come from a wide...